The reality of Virtual (Digital) Library in Nigeria, being commission by the honorable minister of education
Poverty is deepening, inequality and social marginalization, have resulted and human security is diminishing. Pressure on ecosystem and natural resources is increasing, and the evidence of environmental degradation, unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and pollution is all around us.
WORKING DOCUMENT OF THE PROJECT TITLED
“INTEGRATED AGRO/ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS” IN IMO STATE.
PLOT 217A LOLA HOLLOWAY,
OMOLA-ESTATE, IKEJA LAGOS
P.O.BOX 17967,IKEJA LAGOS
Protection of the environment and rational exploitation of natural resources are fundamental principles in sustainable development programmes in view of the need to combat poverty and improve living and economic conditions. Thus we embarked on a project titled Integrated Agro/Environmental project in Imo State, Nigeria taking the above-mentioned factors in consideration.
Furthermore, base on our conviction that the earth is threatened and called for concerted action by government with the involvement of civil society to maintain and restore the ecological balance needed to support life on earth, because the quality of biodiversity and a clean and healthy environment had not been maintained. A few countries have developed plans or frameworks for achieving sustainable production and consumption patterns. No country has successfully decoupled economic growth from its ecological footprint and very few have prioritized this effort. Through the (IAEP), Integrated Agro/Environmental project, we try to address some of this issues, which can be seen in details in the project working document.
We hope that this paper address priority issues, such as severe shortage of water recourses, competitions from different land uses, unsustainable consumption of natural resources such as forest and fisheries, deterioration of the sea and coastal environment, inadequate progress in the following areas bellow:
Policies and programmes to protect and restore ecosystems with the involvement of civil society policies linking biodiversity conservation with poverty eradication, especially in local communities that live around protected areas, through sustainable use of natural resources.
Tackling underlying courses of deforestation and forest degradation
Creating jobs and ensuring food security.
Integrated water resource management.
Participatory land use planning.
Application of the precautionary approach.
Assessment of the risk inherent, including plantations in the clean development mechanism.
Entry into force, collaboration/partnership in executing projects and programmes in developing countries.
Climate change, mitigation strategies.
Policies reorganization links between environment and health.
Ratification of chemical conventions.
Tackling our ecological problems and environmental degradation
BROAD EXPECTATION OF THE PROJECT
The key result relate to:
Increased sensitivity on the part of private sector, regarding the need for a more dynamic involvement, in the delivery of sustainable socio-economic development.
A declaration of private sector commitment to sustainable development Goals in Nigeria, and the global community.
To promote mechanism for continuous dialogue both within the business community and with other partners (including state and non-governmental entities) for the delivery of (WSD/HSE) World Sustainable Development/Health Safety Environment Policies.
To constitute a source of support for selected private sector initiative as well as support for a medium to long term programme of research, experimentation and actualization within and outside of business establishment in favor of the global earth community.
As has been shown through the experience of a number of countries, particularly the developing countries, the attainment of universal basic education is not an option for developing countries like Nigeria, it is a necessary pre-condition to a successful struggle against poverty and its agents, for the promotion of productivity for the underpinning of good governance, for the promotion of tolerance and generally for the realization of human potentials at all levels. Education can also lead to poverty reduction and a decrease in income disparities, moreover, education can transform livelihoods by impacting on values systems and hygiene and health practices; and through encouraging an awareness of human and ecological rights and democratic principles.
All companies, large and small, but particularly those known to be pioneer And promoters of innovations and change are invited to become engage with this effort to contribute to the creation of an environment that is good for national development and hence ultimately good for our living on earth.
To reduce our impact on water and improve this most valuable resources because despite the facts that water covers most of the earths surface, but only a small fraction is fresh water and most people in the developing world do not have access to those fresh water. Pollution, agriculture and over population are contaminating lakes, rivers and underground water, further reducing the availability of safe drinking water
The project will also assist in projecting the understanding how everyone can play a part in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and their impact.
As a result of the project - Sanitation, hygiene, and other environmental degradation problems have to be taken care of to ensure peace and non - violence in host communities.
The project will also project ways to conserve resources, project our plants and animals, and reduce our impact on the environment for present and future generations.
THE UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
Please see phase three of this working document.
OBSTACLES AND AREAS FOR FURTHER ACTION
Poverty is deepening, inequality and social marginalization, have resulted and human security is diminishing. Pressure on ecosystem and natural resources is increasing, and the evidence of environmental degradation, unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and pollution is all around us.
There is a crisis of implementation of the sustainable development agenda. This crisis can be seen in a negative trends involving a growing gap between the rich and the poor, displacement of peoples, erosion of cultural, increases in refugees, violence, abuses of human rights, as well as deforestation loses of biodiversity, destructive mining and oil exploration, adverse climate change and rising sea levels, depletion of fish stocks through industrial fishing practices, inappropriate land uses, bio-piracy, impacts of genetic engineering, destructive agric and aqua-culture, unviable dams, water scarcity and decline in water quality, and pollution, urban sprawl, etc.
The persistence of poverty and social inequity in the region is the main factor in social, political and environmental vulnerability. Social exclusion, ecosystem deterioration, the building of risks and natural disasters call for coordinated and joint national, regional and global activities. The poor are immediate - dependent on threatened fisheries, forests and other natural resources systems for their livelihoods. The health effects of declining air and water quality, especially impact on urban, poor who lack access to clean water and adequate sanitation. Traditional fishers and their communities are most at risk to over-fishing and the competition from commercial operations. These communities are usually poverty stricken and do not have alternative means to earn income to sustain their livelihoods.
There has been too little progress on eradicating poverty since 1992, new issues have emerged, notably new forms of poverty in the CEE and NIS Nations while poverty in poorest nations globally has increased. The relationship between poverty and sustainable development is a complex one. But it is clear that poor people are more vulnerable to and affects by environmental degradation.
CHALLENGES FOR GOVERNMENTS, DONORS, FUNDING AGENCIES, INDIVIDUALS AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.
Green government procurement policies
Promotion of informed consumers choice and options
Sustainable and GMO-free agriculture, guaranteeing food safety and security and sustainable livelihoods.
Reduction of COS omissions
Energy conservation and increasing reliance on environmentally sound renewable energy
Democratic mechanisms to assess the social,
Economic and environmental (sustainability) impacts
Prior to the negotiation of any new trade and investment agreements (including the new round of liberalization)
Abolishing all environmentally perverse subsides
Implementing economic instruments based on polluter pays principle.
Developing global rules governing publicly financed investment, e.g. though export credit agencies, within a sustainable development framework.
Capacity - building to increase consensus between government and civil society
Improved capacity to implement, monitor and enforce International agreements and to obtain minimum consensus for the Earth’s principles.Projecting global Institutions to provide leadership, responsibility, compliance and enforcement.
Credible mechanisms to monitor and enforce sustainable development commitments.
Engaging civil society participation, particularly women and indigenous people.
Involvement of many people in sustainable development initiatives.
Recognition of legitimate civil society organizations and their participation in all phase and levels of sustainable development.
Establishment of participatory National Earth Councils for sustainable development
And other participation mechanisms as agreed by proposed Earth Government.
Increased cooperation between NGOs and Private Sector
We in Poverty Alleviation Crusaders project a vision by the year 2014, were there will be:
Equity - Eradicated poverty through equitable and sustainable access to resources.
Rights - secured environmental and social rights.
Limits - reduced resource use to within sustainable limits.
Justice - recognition of ecological debts and cancellation of financial debts
Democracy - ensuring access to information and public participation.
Ethics - adequate values, and principles that guide human behavior.
Equitable and sustainable access to and distribution of resources
Security, environmental and social rights
Review and reform of development finance
Programmes to achieve international development targets
Arrangements to foster dialogue between different stakeholders in a drive to a sustainable earth.
Democracy and power relationship
Promotion of participatory democracies and refines to conducive to popular participation
Eliminations of corruption and greater transparency and accountability in Earth government affairs, and foster resolution of conflicts within the global earth community
To monitor and evaluate global process ensuring the constraints and challenges along the way are fully addressed and building synergy and momentum around the process to ensure its sustainability in advocacy, resource mobilization, monitoring, information’s and best practice sharing.To develop effective mechanism for partnership through dialogue, consultations and collaborations that depends on the commitment and determinations of the government and members of the earth community.
Greater democracy in global decision-making processes and international agencies.
Life does not depend only on the forces of the earth and of the Planet itself, it must be a decision made by humans beings themselves. This time, we must come together to take care of the home we all share, which is the Earth, so that all humans and other beings, our brothers and sisters in this great terrestrial adventure, can all live happily in this home. There is too much unnecessary violence, injustice, suffering and poverty in our world. We must take a new course of action. It has become urgent that we find new patterns for civilization, where technical and scientific schemes are reinvented and where there exists a dynamic balance between having and being, resting and working, production and reward, development and conservation, unity and diversity, consumption and shared responsibility.
It is essential that we establish management ethics, which can be applied at the global as well as the local and personal levels. These ethics must be based on a new standpoint, on a more integrated vision of the universe, of the Earth, of human beings and of their place in the larger community of living beings. We are fully aware that we are part and parcel of a larger Whole in evolution. There was a time when we were all together in this indivisible reality which was dense with energies and potentialities before it exploded; together we were afterwards, in the big red stars where all elements and energies which constitute the living beings of the universe, our planet Earth and ourselves were formed.
THE GENERAL CONCEPT OF THE PROJECT METHODOLOGY/PHASES IN IMO STATE.
IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS: -Imo State Government, Poverty Alleviation Crusaders (PAC), National Information Technology Development Agency and other interested parties.
THE PROGRAM IN BRIEF.
SKILLS ACQUISITION/AGRIC PROJECTS.
PALM PRODUCE PRODUCTS.
(1) Buying palm kernel in large quantity from existing plantations.
(2) (Choosing a relevant) processing it in the center and equipping it with local fabricated machines and manpower.
(3) Storage- storing the, output for commercial purposes.
(4) Distribution and creation of market- Advert, personal contact, transport and other logistics.
Cost of the Project in relation in the specification above in dollars
I. Raw material to Industries
II. Small scale Industry for soap, cosmetics, and margarine for skill acquisition center.
I Skills Acquisition Centre .4
II. Logistics $1
III. Personal contact – visitation to prospective customers.
Cost in relation to specification above
TOTAL $ 1.1
CUMULATIVE COST FOR PALM PRODUCE .7
(1) Umunwkw Ngor in Ngor Okpala and Umuokanne in Ohaji/Egbema Local Government Area as the agricultural nerve centers in the State can be used to serve as sub centres or primary storage centres for commodities that might be bought from the two areas.
(2) For every transportation and distribution, Owerri municipal Council or any of the urbanized part of Owerri North or Owerri West can be used to serve as processing center. The processing, utilization and distribution of the crop on focus (palm produce) can offer employment to about 30 persons from various communities in the State.
Construction of fishponds in each of the Geo-Political zones in the State. Each of the ponds is estimated to breed five thousand fishes. Viable fishponds in other part of the country will be visited to survey and introduce better species of fishes.
International organizations that have interest in the fishpond project will be contacted for effective sponsorship and management. The prospective fish ponds/ dam will be sited at areas that have natural river or stream.
FISH MILL & FEED ADDITIVES.
Selected unemployed persons can be sent to learn how to produce fish mill and its additives in commercial quantities. This will enable the mill to be self-reliant in terms of managing the ponds and feeding the fishes.
The location for sitting of the fish pond/mill will also be determined by His Excellency, but Nworie River and Otawire River can be considered for the project.
Plantation of Cashew and making use of the existing ones at Okigwe and Okwudor in Njaba Local Government Area of State.
New areas will be mapped out for new plantation sites with improve varieties and technical known how.
(1) For general consumption
(2) For raw materials for Pharmaceutical companies
(3) Fruit juice
(4) Commercial purposes- The nuts will be sold in large quantities to market across the country and the sub-region, because through proper processing and packaging of the cashew not will be sold in supermarket and departmental stores.
The Government of Imo State, Poverty Alleviation Crusader (PAC), and other interested parties.
This phase which include waste management and recycling energy and supply management, as well as mobility management. In all fields, the Objectives are to develop process for saving resources and decreasing emissions/pollution/constraints under realistic industrial conditions.
We will work with relevant agencies within and outside the state to address this problems, especially CUTEC Institute GmbH, who will know have solutions this problems- such that we encourage the Federal Government, State Government and multi nationals to take advantage CUTEC services are adequately utilized in the State, and the country at large.
OUR AREAS OF FOCUS
(1) Control and disposal of drainage and refuse and thus recycling for energy.
(2) Waste apart from been an environmental pollutants, there are also a source of valuable raw materials and energy. We are promoting efficient utilization of these potential raw materials.
(3) Sewage Sludge disposal is also our concern because of the Industrials and municipal swage sludge that is a serious problem.
(4) Environmental Awareness Training through Seminars, workshops, conferences, symposium and consultancies.
(5) Environmental, Impact Assessment improvement projects, such that we will be developing an environmental data management system.
(6) Partnership Building- Advocating for a cluster of coming together Federal Government, other government agencies and other civil society organizations, which is tailors towards improving the ETA process.
(7) Waste management, which remains an essential element of your environmental programme.
We practice waste minimization through planned reduction, re-using and recycling. This involve effective inventorisation of all waste streams, characterization and segregation according to physical and/or chemical constituents based waste management inventory and tracking system to ensure reduction, re-use and recycling of the wastes. In addition, we monitor facilities where wastes were disposed of or contained, pending disposal.
The two types of waste from campsites /industrial and residential areas are of concern to us, which should consist mainly of food and garden waste, which will be composted and used as fertilizer. The compost manure will be composted and used as fertilizer at farms in the State and the Country as a whole. Others such as glass, plastic, strap metals, cans, paper, toner cartridges, batteries, etc. are also properly recycled or disposed.
SLUDGES AND CHEMICALS
We intend to transport, store, and use and dispose all chemicals in accordance with statutory requirement and in a responsible manner. The disposal of industrial and municipal sewage sludge is a very serious problem, but Thermal utilization of the sludge is possible, only at high cost.
Most importantly, as a result oil spillage due to operations such as equipment failure, engineering, human error and the numerous cases of sabotage. Community factions continues to demand payment, but instead of paying, PAC is encouraging the Government and the Multi-nationals involve to maintain and strengthen measures for oil spills prevention. And this, we committed to through our partners.
Economic utilization of energy means responsibility for the future. Some of the source will be by a combination of various regenerative energy sources, such as wind, hydropower, solar radiation supply, energy in correspondence, with weather, season, and time of day. Wood chips, rapeseed oil, and biogas will be employed complementarily as an energy source capable of storage. An intelligent management system ensures exact coordination of the available power units.
MOBILITY & ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT.
For social progress mobility is demanded such that we would be assisting in developing a renewable energy strategy for Nigeria, for the growth of a sustainable and commercially viable renewable energy industry for Community Development endeavors, developing policy initiative and programmes for increasing renewable energy based power supplies to rural communities, for utilization in our focus sectors, which are Health, Education, Agriculture and most importantly building an enabling environment for the growth of a sustainable and commercially viable renewable energy industry.
For the purpose of permanent development, the results of our research will be subjected to economic appraisal and technical evaluation. The economic expenses would be determined with due consideration of the ecological aims of our respective projects. The concepts prepared for this purpose will improve planning and control in recycling and waste management/ strategy.
ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS TRAINING
Some 10,000 people including natives, contractors in relevant fields, communities, students and other parties will receive environmental awareness training to be conducted by PAC and its partners through seminars, workshops, conference, symposium and consultancies.
The programme was designed to support other efforts in inculcating the people with preventive skills, and environmental protection technology, which is tailored towards equipping the people to carryout such activities and functions themselves.
THE ROLE OF THE PROPOSED COMMUNITY MULTI-DISCIPLINARY CENTRE.
From the above foregoing projects highlighted above, which is in line with the project under focus titled TITILED“INTEGRATED AGRO/ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS” IN IMO STATE, Objective and mission in the State, which we embarked upon in conjunction with the State Poverty Alleviation Committee.
After discussion with the Chairman of the committee, it was imperative for us to collaborate with them, especially in the area of Agriculture. Their fantastic programme of sending some farmers to acquire skills will indeed be very beneficial to us, because the Center on focus will be making good use of them, thus the virtual library concept and other information communication technologies in the discharge of our program in relation to our project. Those that state have trained and empowered will be providing technical and practical support, because we intend to cover a great part of the state, creating employment, empowering the people, diminishing the information gap, addressing the problem of orphans and destitute, through training and orientation on survival techniques and Mobilization of the people of the State, especially the natives, which are the mission and objective of this project.
In carrying out these project and activities, as mentioned above, we will be utilizing a millennium initiative, first of its kind in the country, the virtual library procedure and concept in executing our programmes, such as the areas of skills acquisition, Agriculture information, techniques, extension services, training, empowerment of women, youth and our targeted audience will benefit from the virtual library facilities in the proposed center.
One of the most important aspects of this center, is the Foster home Unit which will deal with Orphans and street children (destitute). We will be equipping them back into the society through making them to benefit from the facilities of the center. They will also provide ready manpower for the execution of the project in the state. We will be consolidating our programme in the state through our integrated venture initiative, which will include, we souring for partners in developing and utilization of viable food or cash crop found in locality in communities in the state to boost industrialization and cottage industries in the state.
Our focus is tacking the Multi-dimensional problems of poverty and unemployment in our host communities, which has resulted to the countless conflicts that abound in the country, especially the Niger-Delta Region. Accordingly we will emphasis on agricultural income generation and employment creation projects, supported by other support services to enhance the people income.
We will also provide support to farmers through our network of agricultural extension programs, resources and training programmes. Apart from being taught through the virtual library concept and the practical aspects of ITC, high yielding and disease resistant varieties of various crops would be introduced to farmers in the State. We have started consultation with some research institute such as the international institute of tropical Agriculture ITTA, Ibadan and other foreign partners in regards to that.
OTHER COMPLEMENTARY ACTIVITIES
In the area of training, farmers would be given training in food processing and preservation, integrated pest and disease control, co-operative development and management, soil conservation, pest harvest, food loss reduction, fish farming, Cashew plantation and utilization, palm produce from nursery through utilization.
As a result of our serious concern for the underprivileged especially Orphans, makes it importantly and necessary for us to carryout some charity services.
THE CENTER OUTLOOK
(1) Skills acquisition Units
For both through virtual library and
Audio- visuals -------------------------
(2) Agric Project Unit -------------------------
(2) Women, Youth Development and
Empowerment Unit --------------------------
(4) Clinic Unit --------------------------
(5) Foster home with kitchen, Laundry,
Church/concept hall and recreation
Facilities to be inculcated in the foster
Home unit. -------------------------
(6) Administration Unit, for
Coordination monitoring, evaluation and
Assessment of the project -------------------------
(7) Support Services Unit ------------------------
EQUIPMENTS AND FACILITIES THAT WILL BE EXPLORED.
(1) Virtual Library components
(3) Internet Access
(4) Repositories of electronic books with classifying are categorizing information.
(5) Client hardware systems for Internet browsing and reading e-books (PC or hardware e-books readers).
(6) Local Area Network
(7) Wide Area Network
(8) Client software-operating systems, e-books readers’ browser.(9) Server hardware
(10) Web portal implementation
(11) CD writers
(12) Video Cameras
(13) Consumables and accessories
(15) Telephone lines (digital workers)
(16) Transceivers and Socio-cultural.
Fully aware of the infrastructure constraints bearing on a high-technology solution, we devised a blueprint for what we think is a realistic and sustainable architecture for the implementation of the proposed multi-disciplinary center, utilizing the virtual Library components, mainly at the districts. Given the Poor State of infrastructure and relative un-enlightenment of the people, especially the natives and other interested of the people in computing. We have carefully selected technologies and implementations that will work inspite of the constraint and serve to alleviation the people, so that improvement can be brought on incrementally as the system evolves while minimizing system dependencies.
Each site/location will have a dedicated virtually library space equipped with low-end personal computers, a minimum of one hundred computers per center is recommended video recorders and television sets must also be available and video camera recorder machines.
The personal computers in the center will be connected in a Local Area Network using wireless Networking Technology. Each system will have a wireless LAN. Adapter card and the Library itself will have one or more WLAN hubs.
Each virtual library will have a server that as central system administration point, central storage, e-books repository, portal server and perhaps Internet proxy server users will access e-book with the personal computer provided and via the web portal, browsing through category and classification information (HTML – based catalogue) or searching to locate relevant e-book materials which will be opened in the required e-book format for the particular e-book.
The center’s virtual libraries will be connected together to create one simple virtual library network through VSAT WLAN LINKS between the centers and other institutions especially the institution of learning in the State, as the case may be, these links will also be used to other education projects requiring Internet connectivity as well as basic Internet services like web servers and e-mail servers.
The servers holding the e-books and portal will be selecting replicated across the WAN, so that the book reviews by users and other dynamic global information will be available at each point, for their adequate use.
The reason for us adopting a wireless local area Network (WLAN) is due to the network of the project, which requires mobility and or budget limitations, using of lease space, or temporary sites for take of the project.
Challenges of the center in the State.
· The Community multi-Disciplinary center a to be global, open and diverse.
· It will focus on very areas of human development such as education, skills acquisition, health, employment generation e-governance and environment. It will also provide support services to,
· It will be demand driven and respond to requests from natives from the various community in the state and beyond
· The Center will consist of volunteers, collaborators and technical and foreign partners, such that.
· Online volunteers, contributing through the Internet will also be involved, and will contribute too the sustainability of on-site activities.
· The Center function on the following basis, partnership Activity and co-ordination of project through the coalition, collaboration and assistance of all parties involves.
· The programme/project of which the center is fulfilling its methodology will be knowledge-based, benefiting from the technical partners and other expertise of the technical knows how, in order to fund practical uses and solution for ICT in human development.
· In the light of the above of the center will use top-notch web-bases system infrastructure for efficient and effective management.
· Finally, we hope that this millennium initiative project will be a catalyst for other similar initiative, which aims to strengthen the human capacity needed to narrow the digital dives, and for the implementation of policies in the areas addressed in the center.
Pre- investment - 3,900.000
Cost of location/office for the center. - 18,500,000
Machinery & Equipment - 10,500,000
Fixtures & Fittings - 8,000,000
Working Capital - 11,200,000
Contingency Margin - 15,500,000
Total. $ 67,600,OOO